Топ-100

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Xenos (graphics chip)

The Xenos is a custom graphics processing unit designed by ATI, used in the Xbox 360 video game console developed and produced for Microsoft. Developed under the codename "C1", it is in many ways related to the R520 architecture and therefore ver ...

                                               

ZiiLABS

ZiiLABS is a global technology company, producing a line of media-oriented application processors, reference platforms and enabling software in a series of platforms named ZMS. These are designed to create products that target a range of low-powe ...

                                               

Hafnium dioxide

Hafnium oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula HfO 2. Also known as hafnia, this colourless solid is one of the most common and stable compounds of hafnium. It is an electrical insulator with a band gap of 5.3~5.7 eV. Hafnium dioxide is ...

                                               

Hafnium(IV) silicate

Hafnium silicate is the hafnium salt of silicic acid with the chemical formula of HfSiO 4. Thin films of hafnium silicate and zirconium silicate grown by atomic layer deposition, chemical vapor deposition or MOCVD, can be used as a high-k dielect ...

                                               

Tantalum pentoxide

Tantalum pentoxide, also known as tantalum oxide, is the inorganic compound with the formula Ta 2 O 5. It is a white solid that is insoluble in all solvents but is attacked by strong bases and hydrofluoric acid. Ta 2 O 5 is an inert material with ...

                                               

960H Technology

960H is a resolution used in analog CCTV equipment. 960H represents the number of horizontal pixels in a video signal transmitted from a camera or received by a DVR. The resolution of 960H depends on whether the equipment is PAL or NTSC based: 96 ...

                                               

Back-illuminated sensor

A back-illuminated sensor, also known as backside illumination sensor, is a type of digital image sensor that uses a novel arrangement of the imaging elements to increase the amount of light captured and thereby improve low-light performance. The ...

                                               

CYGM filter

In digital photography, the CYGM filter is an alternative color filter array to the Bayer filter. It similarly uses a mosaic of pixel filters, of cyan, yellow, green and magenta, and so also requires demosaicing to produce a full-color image.

                                               

Hole accumulation diode

A Hole accumulation diode is an electronic noise reduction device in a charge-coupled device or CMOS imaging sensor. HAD devices function by reducing dark current that occur in the absence of light falling on the imager for noise reduction and en ...

                                               

Infrared detector

An infrared detector is a detector that reacts to infrared radiation. The two main types of detectors are thermal and photonic. The thermal effects of the incident IR radiation can be followed through many temperature dependent phenomena. Bolomet ...

                                               

Live MOS

The Live MOS sensor is a brand name of an NMOS Image sensor used by Panasonic, Olympus and Leica in their Four Thirds System DSLR manufactured since 2006. A reviewer claims that the sensor can achieve the same image quality as CCD-based sensors w ...

                                               

Long-Range Reconnaissance and Observation System

Long-Range Reconnaissance and Observation System or LORROS is a sensor system developed by Elbit Systems to provide long-range daytime and night-time surveillance. The unit consists of Forward looking infrared and Charge-coupled device image sens ...

                                               

Quantum well infrared photodetector

A Quantum Well Infrared Photodetector is an infrared photodetector, which uses electronic intersubband transitions in quantum wells to absorb photons. In order to be used for infrared detection, the parameters of the quantum wells in the quantum ...

                                               

Staring array

A staring array, staring-plane array, focal-plane array, or focal-plane is an image sensing device consisting of an array of light-sensing pixels at the focal plane of a lens. FPAs are used most commonly for imaging purposes, but can also be used ...

                                               

Super CCD

Super CCD is a proprietary charge-coupled device that has been developed by Fujifilm since 1999. The Super CCD uses octagonal, rather than rectangular, pixels. This allows a higher horizontal and vertical resolution to be achieved than a traditio ...

                                               

5 nanometer

In semiconductor manufacturing, the International Roadmap for Devices and Systems defines the 5 nm process as the MOSFET technology node following the 7 nm node. As of 2019, Samsung Electronics and TSMC have begun limited risk production of 5 nm ...

                                               

7 nanometer

In semiconductor manufacturing, the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors defines the 7 nm process as the MOSFET technology node following the 10 nm node. It is based on FinFET technology, a type of multi-gate MOSFET technology. TSM ...

                                               

14 nanometer

The 14 nm process refers to the MOSFET technology node that is the successor to the 22 nm node. The 14 nm was so named by the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors. Until about 2011, the node following 22 nm was expected to be 16 nm ...

                                               

22 nanometer

The 22 nm node is the process step following the 32 nm in MOSFET semiconductor device fabrication. The typical half-pitch for a memory cell using the process is around 22 nm. It was first demonstrated by semiconductor companies for use in RAM mem ...

                                               

32 nanometer

The 32 nm node is the step following the 45 nm process in CMOS semiconductor device fabrication. "32-nanometre" refers to the average half-pitch of a memory cell at this technology level. Toshiba produced commercial 32 GiB NAND flash memory chips ...

                                               

45 nanometer

Per the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, the 45 nm MOSFET technology node should refer to the average half-pitch of a memory cell manufactured at around the 2007–2008 time frame. Matsushita and Intel started mass-producing 45 ...

                                               

65-nanometer process

The 65 nm process is advanced lithographic node used in volume CMOS semiconductor fabrication. Printed linewidths can reach as low as 25 nm on a nominally 65 nm process, while the pitch between two lines may be greater than 130 nm. For comparison ...

                                               

90 nanometer

The 90 nm process refers to the level of MOSFET fabrication process technology that was commercialized by the 2003–2005 timeframe, by leading semiconductor companies like Toshiba, Sony, Samsung, IBM, Intel, Fujitsu, TSMC, Elpida, AMD, Infineon, T ...

                                               

180 nanometer

The 180 nm process refers to the level of MOSFET semiconductor process technology that was commercialized around the 1998–2000 timeframe by leading semiconductor companies, starting with TSMC and Fujitsu, then followed by Sony, Toshiba, Intel, AM ...

                                               

250 nanometer

The 250 nm process refers to a level of MOSFET semiconductor process technology that was commercialized by semiconductor manufacturers around the 1996–1998 timeframe. A 250 nm CMOS process was demonstrated by a Japanese NEC research team led by N ...

                                               

350 nanometer

The 350 nm process refers to the level of MOSFET semiconductor process technology that was reached around the 1993–1996 timeframe, by leading semiconductor companies like Sony, Intel and IBM. A MOSFET with a 300 nm channel length was fabricated b ...

                                               

600 nanometer

The 600 nm process refers to the level of CMOS semiconductor fabrication process technology that was commercialized around the 1990–1995 timeframe, by leading semiconductor companies like Mitsubishi Electric, Toshiba, NEC, Intel and IBM.

                                               

800 nanometer

The 800 nm process refers to the level of MOSFET semiconductor fabrication process technology that was reached around the 1987–1990 timeframe, by leading semiconductor companies like NTT, NEC, Toshiba, IBM, Hitachi, Matsushita, Mitsubishi Electri ...

                                               

1 µm process

The 1 μm process refers to the level of MOSFET semiconductor process technology that was commercialized around the 1984–1986 timeframe, by leading semiconductor companies like NTT, NEC, Intel and IBM. It was the first process where CMOS was commo ...

                                               

1.5 µm process

The 1.5 μm process is the level of MOSFET semiconductor process technology that was reached around 1981–1982, by leading semiconductor companies such as NEC, Intel and IBM.

                                               

3 µm process

The 3 μm process is the level of MOSFET semiconductor process technology that was reached around 1977, by leading semiconductor companies such as Intel.

                                               

List of microprocessors

List of AMD Athlon 64 microprocessors List of AMD Turion microprocessors List of AMD Ryzen microprocessors List of AMD Phenom microprocessors List of AMD Opteron microprocessors List of AMD Sempron microprocessors List of AMD Athlon XP microproce ...

                                               

1801 series CPU

The 1801 series CPUs were a family of 16-bit Soviet microprocessors based on the indigenous Elektronika NC microarchitecture cores, but binary compatible with DECs PDP-11 machines. First released in 1980, various models and variants of the series ...

                                               

Apollo PRISM

PRISM was Apollo Computers high-performance CPU used in their DN10000 series workstations. It was for some time the fastest microprocessor available, a high fraction of a Cray-1 in a workstation. Hewlett Packard purchased Apollo in 1989, ending d ...

                                               

AT&T Hobbit

The AT&T Hobbit is a microprocessor design that AT&T Corporation developed in the early 1990s. It was based on the companys CRISP design, which in turn grew out of Bell Labs C Machine design of the late 1980s. C Machine, CRISP and Hobbit ...

                                               

Average CPU power

The average CPU power, is a scheme to characterize power consumption of new central processing units under "average" daily usage, especially server processors, the rating scheme is defined by Advanced Micro Devices for use in its line of processo ...

                                               

Baikal CPU

Baikal CPU is a line of MIPS and ARM-based microprocessors developed by fabless design firm Baikal Electronics, a spin-off of the Russian supercomputer company T-Platforms.

                                               

Bellmac 32

The Bellmac 32 was a microprocessor developed by Bell Labss processor division in 1980, implemented using CMOS technology and was the first microprocessor that could move 32 bits in one clock cycle. The microprocessor contained 150.000 transistor ...

                                               

Elbrus-2S+

Elbrus-2S+ is a multi-core microprocessor based on the Elbrus 2000 architecture developed by Moscow Center of SPARC Technologies There are multiple reports regarding the evolution of this technology for the purpose of import substitution in Russi ...

                                               

Elbrus-8S

The Elbrus-8S is a Russian 28 nanometer 8-core microprocessor developed by Moscow Center of SPARC Technologies. The first prototypes were produced by the end of 2014 and serial production started in 2016. The Elbrus-8S is to be used in servers an ...

                                               

Electronic Arrays 9002

Electronic Arrays 9002 was a microprocessor released in 1976. It was an 8-bit NMOS CPU, with an instruction set influenced by the Intel 4004. It had a 4096 byte address space, due to its use of 12-bit addressing. It was reported to have a 2 micro ...

                                               

ELVEES Multicore

Multicore is a series of 32-bit microprocessors with embedded DSP cores developed by ELVEES, Russia. The microprocessor is a MIPS32 core or an ARM Cortex-A9 core. Some of the processors in the series are radiation hardened for space applications.

                                               

EnCore Processor

The EnCore microprocessor family is a configurable and extendable implementation of a compact 32-bit RISC instruction set architecture - developed by the PASTA Research Group at the University of Edinburgh School of Informatics. The following are ...

                                               

Fairchild F8

The engineers who designed the Fairchild F8 Microcomputer did so mindful of a set of goals. The computer needed to be electrically frugal. It needed characteristics that permitted easy interface to standard SSI and MSI components. It needed a mod ...

                                               

Hitachi 6309

The 6309 is Hitachis CMOS version of the Motorola 6809 microprocessor. While in "Emulation Mode" it is fully compatible with the 6809. To the 6809 specifications it adds higher clock rates, enhanced features, new instructions, and additional regi ...

                                               

Ignite (microprocessor)

I GNITE is a stack-based RISC microprocessor architecture. The architecture was originally developed by Nanotronics, which was later acquired by Patriot Scientific Corporation. The I GNITE microprocessor is one of the few commercially produced mi ...

                                               

Intersil 6100

The Intersil 6100 family consists of a 12-bit microprocessor and a range of peripheral support and memory ICs developed by Intersil in the mid-1970s. The microprocessor implements the PDP-8 instruction set. As such it was sometimes referred to as ...

                                               

K1810VM86

The K1810VM86 is a Soviet 16-bit microprocessor, a clone of the Intel 8086 CPU with which it is binary and pin compatible. It was developed between 1982 and 1985. The original K1810VM86 supported a clock frequency of up to 5 MHz while up to 8 MHz ...

                                               

K1839

К1839 is a microprocessor chipset developed between 1984 and 1989 at the Angstrem Research Institute by the same team that developed the 1801BMx series of CPUs. It was the first Soviet, and later the first Russian 32-bit microprocessor system. Fr ...

                                               

KOMDIV-32

The KOMDIV-32 is a family of 32-bit microprocessors developed and manufactured by the Scientific Research Institute of System Development of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The manufacturing plant of NIISI is located in Dubna on the grounds of t ...