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En-ghe

En-ghe is a letter of the Cyrillic script used only in non-Slavic languages. The shape of the letter originated as a ligature of the Cyrillic letters en and ghe, but en-ghe is used as a separate letter in alphabets. It represents the velar nasal ...

                                               

Ge with middle hook

Ge with middle hook is a letter of the Cyrillic script used in the Abkhaz and Yakut languages to represent the voiced velar fricative /ɣ/. In Unicode, this letter is called "Ghe with middle hook". The letter was invented in 1844 by Andreas Johan ...

                                               

Ka with hook

Ka with hook is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It is formed from the Cyrillic letter Ka by the addition of a hook. Ka with hook is widely used in the alphabets of Siberia and the Russian Far East: Chukchi, Koryak, Alyutor, Itelmen, Yukaghir, Yu ...

                                               

Kazakh Short U

Kazakh Short U is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Unicode, this letter is called "Straight U with stroke". Its form is the Cyrillic letter Ue with a horizontal line through it. It is similar to the symbol for the Japanese yen or the Chinese y ...

                                               

Kha with hook

Kha with hook is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Unicode, this letter is called "Ha with hook". Its form is derived from the Cyrillic Kha by adding a hook to the right leg. Kha with hook is used in the alphabets of the Itelmen and Nivkh langu ...

                                               

Lje

Lje is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Lje represents a palatal lateral /ʎ, a sound similar but not identical to the palatalized alveolar lateral, which is in some languages represented by the digraph ⟨ль⟩ and pronounced /lʲ/ like the ⟨ll⟩ in "m ...

                                               

Monocular O

Monocular O is one of the exotic glyph variants of Cyrillic letter O. This glyph variant was used in certain manuscripts in the root word ꙩко, and also in some other functions, for example, in the word- and syllable-initial position. It is used i ...

                                               

O-hook

O-hook is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In the Unicode text-encoding standard, this letter is called "Abkhasian Ha". Its form bears some similarities to the Greek letter Theta. In English, O-hook is commonly romanized using the Latin letter O ...

                                               

U with macron (Cyrillic)

U with macron is a letter of the Cyrillic script, derived from the Cyrillic letter U. U with macron is used in the alphabet of the Tajik language, where it represents the close-mid central rounded vowel, /ɵ/. Accordingly, although the letter shap ...

                                               

Zje

Zje is a letter of the Cyrillic alphabet, formed from З with the addition of an acute accent. It is used in the Montenegrin alphabet. It represents the voiced alveolo-palatal fricative /ʑ/. It corresponds to the Latin Z.

                                               

Zhe with breve

Zhe with breve is a letter of the Cyrillic script, created by Soviet linguists for the cyrillization of non-Slavic languages. Its form is derived from the Cyrillic letter Zhe. Zhe with breve is used in the alphabets of the following languages: Zh ...

                                               

Zhe with diaeresis

Zhe with diaeresis is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Its form is derived from the Cyrillic letter Zhe. Zhe with diaeresis is used only in the alphabet of the Udmurt language, where it represents the voiced postalveolar affricate /d͡ʒ, like the ...

                                               

À

À, à is a letter of the Catalan, Dutch, Emilian-Romagnol, French, Galician, Italian, Maltese, Occitan, Portuguese, Sardinian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, and Welsh languages consisting of the letter A of the ISO basic Latin alphabet and a grave ...

                                               

Ã, called A tilde ogonek, is a Latin letter used in the writing of the Lithuanian language. It consists of the letter A diacriticised with a tilde and an ogonek.

                                               

Bbanlam pìngyīm

Bbanlam Hōngggian Pìngyīm Hōngàn, Bbanlam pìngyīm, Minnan pinyin or simply pingyim, is a romanization system for Hokkien Southern Min, in particular the Amoy version of this language.

                                               

Ĉ

Ĉ or ĉ is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing the sound. It is based on the letter c. Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for all four of its postalveolar consonants, as do the Latin-based Slavic alphabets. Letters and digraphs ...

                                               

Dz

Dz is the seventh letter of the Gajs Latin alphabet for Serbo-Croatian, after D and before D. It is pronounced. Dz is a digraph that corresponds to the letter Dzhe of the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet. It is also the tenth letter of the Slovak alphab ...

                                               

E

The letter e is a vestige of Old-Czech palatalization. The originally palatalizing phoneme, yat /e/ is written instead of mne. For etymological reasons, mne is written in some words.

                                               

Eau (trigraph)

In Modern French, ⟨eau⟩ is pronounced /o/ and may or may not be the same phoneme as the one attached to the letter o. It is used as an ending for several words, like berceau cradle or manteau coat, usually being the remnant of a suffix bercer mea ...

                                               

G̃ / g̃ is a letter which combines the common letter G with a tilde. The letter does not exist in many alphabets. Examples of alphabets with this letter are: Guarani alphabet – where the tilde marks nasalization Sumerian language – an extinct lan ...

                                               

G with stroke

The g-stroke character Ǥ / ǥ is a letter of the Latin Skolt Sami alphabet, denoting the partially voiced palatal spirant. It appears contrastively with respect to G, Ǧ, K, Ǩ, C, and Č, and typically appears phonemically geminate, e.g., viiǥǥam "I ...

                                               

Ĝ

Ĝ or ĝ is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing a voiced postalveolar affricate, and is equivalent to a voiced postalveolar affricate /dʒ/ or a voiced retroflex affricate /dʐ/. While Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for its fou ...

                                               

H with descender

H with descender is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from H with the addition of a small descender. It was used in Uyghur to represent. This letter was in use from the early 1960s, when a Latin alphabet, the Uyghur New Script, was introduc ...

                                               

Hook above

In typesetting, the hook above is a diacritic mark placed on top of vowels in the Vietnamese alphabet. In shape it looks like a tiny question mark without the dot underneath. For example, a capital A with a hook is "Ả", and a lower case "u" with ...

                                               

Horn (diacritic)

The horn is a diacritic mark attached to the top right corner of the letters o and u in the Vietnamese alphabet to give ơ and ư, unrounded variants of the vowel represented by the basic letter. In Vietnamese, it is rarely considered a separate di ...

                                               

Ĵ

Ĵ or ĵ is a letter in Esperanto orthography representing the sound. While Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for its four postalveolar consonants, as do the Latin-based Slavic alphabets, the base letters are Romano-Germanic. Ĵ is based on the ...

                                               

K with descender

The Latin letter K with descender is a Latin letter. The letter is very easily confused with the Cyrillic letter ka with descender Қ, which is encoded differently in Unicode, even though it essentially shares the same letter forms. This Latin let ...

                                               

Ľ

Ľ/l is a grapheme found officially in the Slovak alphabet and in some versions of the Ukrainian Latin alphabet. It is an L with a caron diacritical mark, more normally ˇ but simplified to look like an apostrophe with L, and is pronounced as palat ...

                                               

L with bar

L with bar is a Latin letter L with a bar diacritic. It appears in the alphabet of the Venetian language, and in its capital form it is used in the Saanich orthography created by Dave Elliott in 1978. In Unicode, both the capital and lower case a ...

                                               

O

It is used in Catalan, Emilian-Romagnol, Lombard, Occitan, Kashubian, Sardinian, Scottish Gaelic, Taos, Vietnamese, Haitian Creole, Norwegian and Welsh. It also appears in Italian as a variant of o.

                                               

Latin omega

Latin omega, or simply omega, is an additional letter of the Latin alphabet, based on the lowercase of the Greek letter omega ⟨ω⟩. It was included as a Latin letter in the Mann and Dalby 1982 revision of the African reference alphabet and has bee ...

                                               

Q with hook tail

Q with hook tail is a letter of the extended Latin alphabet, based on the letter Q. It was introduced by Lutheran missionaries in Papua New Guinea for use in the Numanggang language in the 1930s or 1940s. In 2002, it was decided to discontinue us ...

                                               

R

R is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from R with the addition of a dot below the letter. It is used in the transliteration of Afro-Asiatic languages to represent an "emphatic r". It is used in transliterating Indo-Aryan and East Iranian la ...

                                               

Ŝ

Ŝ or ŝ is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing the sound. Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for all four of its postalveolar consonants, as do most Latin-based Slavic alphabets Polish is the most notable exception. Letters and ...

                                               

Turned g

ᵷ or turned g is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed by rotating g 180°. It is used to transliterate the Georgian letter ჹ. ჹ itself is the Georgian letter გ "g" rotated. It represents a in some East Caucasian languages. A rotated capital G ha ...

                                               

Uyghur New Script

Uyghur Yengi Yeziqi or Uyƣur Yengi Yeziⱪi, is a Latin alphabet, with both Uniform Turkic Alphabet and Pinyin influence, used for writing the Uyghur language between 1965 and 1982, primarily by Uyghurs living in China, although the use of Uyghur E ...

                                               

Z

z olty yellow’ z ona wife’ Compare z with acute accent: z le wrongly, badly’ z rebie foal’ Occasionally, capital Ƶ Z with horizontal stroke is used instead of capital Z for aesthetic purposes, especially in all-caps text and handwriting.

                                               

Bet Shira Congregation

In February 1985, a nucleus of families left Congregation Beth David to form a new congregation, Bet Shira. The membership grew to 300 families in the weeks that followed. The name "Bet Shira" House of Song was selected to reflect the upbeat and ...

                                               

Temple Beth-El (Birmingham, Alabama)

Temple Beth-El is a synagogue located in Birmingham, Alabama. Founded in 1907, Temple Beth-El is a member of the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism. Temple Beth-El is the only Conservative-affiliated synagogue in Birmingham, and one of only ...

                                               

Temple Beth Israel (Eugene, Oregon)

Temple Beth Israel is a Reconstructionist synagogue located at 1175 East 29th Avenue in Eugene, Oregon. Founded in the early 1930s as a Conservative congregation, Beth Israel was for many decades the only synagogue in Eugene. The congregation ini ...

                                               

Congregation Beth Israel (Gadsden, Alabama)

Congregation Beth Israel was a Reform synagogue, located for most of its history at 761 Chestnut Street in Gadsden, Alabama. An outgrowth of Gadsdens Jewish religious school, it was founded in 1908 and incorporated in 1910. It moved into its Ches ...

                                               

Beth Israel Congregation (Jackson, Mississippi)

Beth Israel Congregation is a Reform Jewish congregation located at 5315 Old Canton Road in Jackson, Mississippi, United States. Organized in 1860 by Jews of German background, it has always been, and remains, the only Jewish synagogue in Jackson ...

                                               

Congregation Beth Israel (Meridian, Mississippi)

Congregation Beth Israel in Meridian, Mississippi, is a Reform Jewish congregation founded in 1868 and a member of the Union for Reform Judaism. The congregations first permanent house of worship was a Middle Eastern-style building constructed in ...

                                               

Congregation Bnai Israel (Sacramento, California)

Congregation Bnai Israel is the oldest Jewish congregation in Sacramento, California. The congregation, which began as an Orthodox community, traces its history back to the California Gold Rush of 1849, when Jewish settlers gathered to observe th ...

                                               

Bolshaya Bronnaya Synagogue

The Bolshaya Bronnaya Synagogue is a Russian synagogue, located at 6 Bolshaya Bronnaya Street in Moscow. The synagogue was built as a private synagogue by pre-revolutionary millionaire Lazar Solomonovich Polyakov. Privately constructed and owned ...

                                               

1985 Copenhagen bombings

On 22 July 1985, two bombs exploded in a terrorist attack in Copenhagen, Denmark. One of the bombs exploded near the Great Synagogue and a Jewish nursery home and kindergarten, and another at the offices of Northwest Orient Airlines. At least one ...

                                               

Great Synagogue (Copenhagen)

The Great Synagogue is the main synagogue of the Jewish community in Copenhagen, Denmark. The synagogue is defined by its unique architecture around the Ark. During the first half of the 19th century, synagogues continued to be built in the class ...

                                               

Great Synagogue of Rome attack

The Great Synagogue of Rome attack, which was carried out by armed Palestinian terrorists at the entrance to the Great Synagogue of Rome, took place on 9 October 1982 at 11:55 a.m. A 2-year-old toddler, Stefano Gaj Tache, was killed in the attack ...

                                               

Inowroclaw Synagogue

Inowroclaw Synagogue was one of two synagogues in Inowroclaw, Poland. The structure was built in 1908, with funds provided almost entirely by Leopold Levy. After Nazi Germanys invasion of Poland in 1939, the Nazis attempted to turn it into a bath ...

                                               

List of attacks on Jewish institutions in the United States

This is a list of violent attacks and failed attack plots targeting Jewish institutions in the United States. 1977 - Shaare Zedek Synagogue University City, Missouri. Synagogue shooting, 1 dead, 2 seriously injured. 2000 - Firebombing of Conserva ...