Топ-100

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Locotrol

Locotrol is a product of GE Transportation Systems that permits railway locomotives to be distributed throughout the length of a train. It is installed on more than 8.500 locomotives around the world, sending signals from the lead locomotive and ...

                                               

Novarossi

Novarossi World, also known as Novarossi nitro micro engines, are an Italian manufacturer of model engines and related items for radio-controlled models.

                                               

Remote control locomotive

A remote control locomotive is a railway locomotive that can be operated with a remote control. It differs from a conventional locomotive in that a remote control system has been installed in one or more locomotives within the train, which uses e ...

                                               

Servo control

Servo control is achieved by sending a servo a PWM signal, a series of repeating pulses of variable width where either the width of the pulse or the duty cycle of a pulse train determines the position to be achieved by the servo. The PWM signal m ...

                                               

Radio-controlled submarine

A Radio-controlled submarine is a scale model of a submarine that can be steered via radio control. The most common form are those operated by hobbyists. These can range from inexpensive toys to complex projects involving sophisticated electronic ...

                                               

Twiggy the Water-Skiing Squirrel

Twiggy the Water-Skiing Squirrel was an animal novelty act, featuring a squirrel who skis around a heated pool. The act began in 1979 by Chuck and Lou Ann Best and started with an appearance on Real People. It has been featured on numerous televi ...

                                               

Hallstatt (China)

Hallstatt is a housing development in Luoyang, Boluo County, China. Its urban core is modelled after the small town of Hallstatt in Austria. The housing project was built by the China Minmetals mining company. The flats in the area are mostly sti ...

                                               

Thames Town

Thames Town is a new town in Songjiang District, about 30 kilometres from central Shanghai. It is named after the River Thames in London, United Kingdom. The architecture is themed according to classic British market town styles. There are cobble ...

                                               

Tianducheng

Tianducheng, also called Sky City, is a housing estate in the suburbs of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China. Construction at Tianducheng began around 2007. Its central feature is 108-metre-tall replica of the Eiffel Tower and 31 km 2 of Parisian ...

                                               

Yujiapu Financial District

Yujiapu Financial District is a central business district currently under construction in the Binhai New Area of Tianjin. The area is envisioned as a potential center for world trade and finance. The district is being developed with a total inves ...

                                               

Playscale

1:6 scale modeling, a.k.a. Playscale Miniaturism, is a hobby focusing on the collecting and/or customization of commercially produced 1:6 scale action figures and accessories. The term "Playscale" originally represented the domestic, urban or civ ...

                                               

1: 35 scale

1:35 scale is the most popular scale for model military vehicles, with an extensive lineup of models and aftermarket parts available from a wide variety of manufacturers. The roots of 1:35 as a military modelling scale lie in early motorized plas ...

                                               

1: 72 scale

1:72 scale is a scale used for scale models, most commonly model aircraft, corresponding to one sixth of an inch representing one foot. In other words, 72 of a given model placed end to end would represent the length of the real thing. In this sc ...

                                               

2 mm scale

2mm scale, often 2mm finescale is a specification used for railway modelling, largely for modelling British railway prototypes. It uses a scale of 2 mm on the model to 1-foot on the prototype, which scales out to 1:152. It is, therefore, similar ...

                                               

4 mm scale

4 mm scale is the most popular model railway scale used in the United Kingdom. The term refers to the use of 4 millimeters on the model equating to a distance of 1 foot on the prototype. It is also used for military modelling. For historical reas ...

                                               

16 mm scale

16 mm to 1 foot or 1:19.05 is a popular scale of model railway in the UK which represents narrow gauge prototypes. The most common gauge for such railways is 32 mm, representing 2 ft gauge prototypes. This scale/gauge combination is sometimes ref ...

                                               

Gn15

Gn15 is a rail modelling scale, using G scale 1:22.5 scale trains running on H0/00 gauge track, representing minimum gauge and miniature railways. Typical models built are between 1:20.3 and 1:24, or up to 1:29. Normen Europaischer Modellbahnen N ...

                                               

Monogram (company)

Monogram has been a premier maker of scale plastic models of aircraft, spacecraft, ships, cars, and military vehicles since the early 1950s. The company was formed by two former employees of Comet Kits, Jack Besser and Bob Reder. After thirteen y ...

                                               

List of narrow-gauge model railway scales

Railway modelling has long used a variety of scales and gauges to represent its models of real subjects. In most cases, gauge and scale are chosen together, so as to represent Stephenson standard gauge. By choosing a smaller gauge than this for a ...

                                               

O scale

O scale is a scale commonly used for toy trains and rail transport modelling. Originally introduced by German toy manufacturer Marklin around 1900, by the 1930s three-rail alternating current O gauge was the most common model railroad scale in th ...

                                               

On2 gauge

On2 gauge is part of the hobby of rail transport modeling. The name is based on the common USA model railroad O scale of 1:48 and refers to the gauge between the rails) and the fact that it is narrow gauge, thus On2.

                                               

OO gauge

OO gauge or OO scale is the most popular standard-gauge model railway standard in the United Kingdom despite being virtually unknown in other countries. This track gauge is one of several 4 mm-scale standards used, but it is the only one to be se ...

                                               

Protofour

Protofour or P4 is a set of standards for model railways allowing construction of models to a scale of 4 mm to 1 foot, the predominant scale of model railways of the British prototype. For historical reasons almost all manufacturers of British pr ...

                                               

S scale

S scale is a model railroad scale modeled at 1:64 scale, S scale track gauge is 0.883 in. S gauge trains are manufactured in both DC and AC powered varieties. S gauge is not to be confused with toy train standard gauge, a large-scale standard for ...

                                               

F scale (modelling)

Rail transport modelling uses a variety of scales to ensure scale models look correct when placed next to each other. Model railway scales are standardized worldwide by many organizations and hobbyist groups. Some of the scales are recognized glo ...

                                               

V scale (model railroading)

V-scale, Vscale, or V scale is a scale of model railroading utilizing self-defining three-dimensional models and a compatible graphics engine to create an alternative modeled world. Though it has not been classified or recognized by either the NM ...

                                               

Z scale

Z scale is one of the smallest commercially available model railway scales, with a track gauge of 6.5 mm / 0.256 in. Introduced by Marklin in 1972, Z scale trains operate on 0–10 volts DC and offer the same operating characteristics as all other ...

                                               

ArgoUML

ArgoUML is an UML diagramming application written in Java and released under the open source Eclipse Public License. By virtue of being a Java application, it is available on any platform supported by Java SE.

                                               

EiffelStudio

EiffelStudio is a development environment for the Eiffel programming language developed and distributed by Eiffel Software. EiffelStudio includes a combination of tools integrated under a single user interface: compiler, interpreter, debugger, br ...

                                               

UML Designer

UML Designer is a graphical modeling tool for UML2 based on the Eclipse UML2 plugin and as defined by OMG. It provides support for the main UML diagrams and for UML profiles.

                                               

UMLet

UMLet is an open-source Java-based UML tool designed for teaching the Unified Modeling Language and for quickly creating UML diagrams. It is a drawing tool rather than a modelling tool as there is no underlying dictionary or directory of reusable ...

                                               

Dark Age Ahead

Dark Age Ahead is a 2004 book by Jane Jacobs describing what she sees as the decay of five key "pillars" in "North America": community and family, higher education, science and technology, taxes and government responsiveness to citizens needs, an ...

                                               

The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century

The Next 100 Years is a 2009 book by George Friedman. In the book, Friedman attempts to predict the major geopolitical events and trends of the 21st century. Friedman also speculates in the book on changes in technology and culture that may take ...

                                               

Rise of the Robots (book)

Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future is a book by American futurist Martin Ford. Rise discusses the impact accelerating change and artificial intelligence will have on the labor market. His thesis is that there will b ...

                                               

Long Now Foundation

The Long Now Foundation, established in 1996, is an American public non-profit organization based in San Francisco that seeks to start and promote a long-term cultural institution. It aims to provide a counterpoint to what it views as todays "fas ...

                                               

Clock of the Long Now

The Clock of the Long Now, also called the 10.000-year clock, is a mechanical clock under construction that is designed to keep time for 10.000 years. It is being built by the Long Now Foundation. A two-meter prototype is on display at the Scienc ...

                                               

Aspects experiment

Aspects experiment was the first quantum mechanics experiment to demonstrate the violation of Bells inequalities. Its irrefutable result allowed for further validation of the quantum entanglement and locality principles. It also offered an experi ...

                                               

Renninger negative-result experiment

In quantum mechanics, the Renninger negative-result experiment is a thought experiment that illustrates some of the difficulties of understanding the nature of wave function collapse and measurement in quantum mechanics. The statement is that a p ...

                                               

Spin-spacetime EPR Gedanken-Experiment

General relativity and various quantum gravity theories predict that the intrinsic quantum spin should bend the spacetime around it, breaking its spherical symmetry. The Spin-spacetime EPR Gedanken-Experiment is a thought experiment to prove that ...

                                               

Wheelers delayed-choice experiment

Wheelers delayed-choice experiment is actually several thought experiments in quantum physics, proposed by John Archibald Wheeler, with the most prominent among them appearing in 1978 and 1984. These experiments are attempts to decide whether lig ...

                                               

Rules of chess

The rules of chess are rules governing the play of the game of chess. While the exact origins of chess are unclear, modern rules first took form during the Middle Ages. The rules continued to be slightly modified until the early 19th century, whe ...

                                               

Bare king

In chess and chess variants, a bare king is a game position where one player has only the king remaining.

                                               

Draw by agreement

In chess, a draw by agreement is the outcome of a game due to the agreement of both players to a draw. A player may offer a draw to his opponent at any stage of a game; if the opponent accepts, the game is a draw. The relevant portion of the FIDE ...

                                               

Fifty-move rule

The fifty-move rule in chess states that a player can claim a draw if no capture has been made and no pawn has been moved in the last fifty moves. The purpose of this rule is to prevent a player with no chance of winning from obstinately continui ...

                                               

Threefold repetition

In chess and some other abstract strategy games, the threefold repetition rule states that a player can claim a draw if the same position occurs three times, or will occur after their next move, with the same player to move. The repeated position ...

                                               

Touch-move rule

The touch-move rule in chess specifies that, if a player deliberately touches a piece on the board when it is their turn to move, then they must move or capture that piece if it is legal to do so. If it is the players piece that was touched, it m ...

                                               

Games related to Yahtzee

A number of related games under the Yahtzee brand have been produced. They all commonly use dice as the primary tool for game play, but all differ generally. As Yahtzee itself has been sold since 1954, the variants released over the years are mor ...

                                               

Rules of Go

The rules of Go have seen some variation over time and from place to place. This article discusses those sets of rules broadly similar to the ones currently in use in East Asia. Even among these, there is a degree of variation. Notably, Chinese a ...

                                               

Bad beat

In poker, bad beat is a subjective term for a hand in which a player with what appear to be strong cards nevertheless loses. It most often occurs where one player bets the clearly stronger hand and their opponent makes a poor call that eventually ...

                                               

Big bet

A big bet is the larger of two fixed bet amounts in a fixed-limit poker game. A big bet is used in the final rounds of a game to increase the pot amount and thereby enable the possibility of a bluff. Big bets are generally double the wager of the ...