Топ-100

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ESER

ESER is an abbreviation for Einheitliches System Elektronischer Rechenmaschinen, a term used in the GDR for ES EVM computers produced according to a treaty between the members of Comecon signed on December 23, 1968 covering the development of a s ...

                                               

Filesystem Hierarchy Standard

The Filesystem Hierarchy Standard defines the directory structure and directory contents in Linux distributions. It is maintained by the Linux Foundation. The latest version is 3.0, released on 3 June 2015.

                                               

Fortran

Fortran is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing. Originally developed by IBM in the 1950s for scientific and engineering applications, FORTRAN came t ...

                                               

Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile

The Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile was a specification that profiled open networking products for procurement by governments in the late 1980s and early 1990s.

                                               

IBM TSM HSM for Windows

"IBM Tivoli Storage Manager HSM for Windows" is an HSM product for Microsoft Windows which allows policy based archival of files out of NTFS and into IBM Tivoli Storage Manager. In its place is left a stub file with offline bit set and a matching ...

                                               

Integrated Software Dependent System

Integrated Software Dependent Systems is an offshore standard and recommended practice guideline covering systems and software verifications and classification of any integrated system that utilizes extensive software control. The ISDS Recommende ...

                                               

Java APIs for Integrated Networks

Java APIs for Integrated Networks is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony services. Originally, JAIN stood for Java APIs for Intelligent Network. The name was later changed to Java APIs for ...

                                               

JT (visualization format)

JT is an ISO-standardized 3D data format and is in industry used for product visualization, collaboration, CAD data exchange, and in some also for long-term data retention. It can contain any combination of approximate data, boundary representati ...

                                               

Kansas City standard

The Kansas City standard, or Byte standard, is a way of storing digital data on standard Compact Audio Cassettes at data rates of 300 to 2400 bits per second that was first defined in 1976. It originated in a symposium sponsored by Byte magazine ...

                                               

Multiboot specification

The Multiboot specification is an open standard describing how a boot loader can load an x86 operating system kernel. The specification allows any compliant boot-loader implementation to boot any compliant operating-system kernel. Thus, it allows ...

                                               

OSS/J

OSS/J is a TM Forum technical program whose primary goal is to develop open interface standards for the integration of Business Support Systems & Operations Support System. OSS/J addresses the concerns of Frameworx implementation stakeholders by ...

                                               

PC Card

In computing, PC Card is a configuration for computer parallel communication peripheral interface, designed for laptop computers. Originally introduced as PCMCIA, the PC Card standard as well as its successors like CardBus were defined and develo ...

                                               

PCI Express

PCI Express, officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X and AGP bus standards. It is the common motherboard interface for personal computers graphics c ...

                                               

ReplayGain

ReplayGain is a proposed standard published by David Robinson in 2001 to measure the perceived loudness of audio in computer audio formats such as MP3 and Ogg Vorbis. It allows media players to normalize loudness for individual tracks or albums. ...

                                               

Software Package Data Exchange

Software Package Data Exchange is a file format used to document information on the software licenses under which a given piece of computer software is distributed. SPDX is authored by the SPDX Working Group, which represents more than twenty dif ...

                                               

SWORD (protocol)

SWORD is an interoperability standard that allows digital repositories to accept the deposit of content from multiple sources in different formats via a standardized protocol. In the same way that the HTTP protocol allows any web browser to talk ...

                                               

SyncML

SyncML is the former name for a platform-independent information synchronization standard. The project is currently referred to as Open Mobile Alliance Data Synchronization and Device Management. The purpose of SyncML is to offer an open standard ...

                                               

XAM

XAM, or the eXtensible Access Method, is a storage standard developed and maintained by the Storage Networking Industry Association. It is in the process of being ratified as an ANSI standard. XAM is an API for fixed content aware storage devices ...

                                               

ACM Student Chapter

ACM Student Chapter is the international Association for Computing Machinerys student society which provides opportunities to students for networking, learn together and share their knowledge. Its main focus is on building and developing members ...

                                               

Apple OneScanner

Apples OneScanner was a series of flatbed scanners introduced during the early 1990s. The original OneScanner model was introduced in 1991 to replace the earlier Apple Scanner, offering 8-bit greyscale scanning. It was joined by the Color OneScan ...

                                               

Assured Compliance Assessment Solution

Assured Compliance Assessment Solution is a software set of information security tools used for vulnerability scanning and risk assessment by agencies of the United States Department of Defense. It performs automated vulnerability scanning and de ...

                                               

AtScript

AtScript was a proposed JavaScript-based scripting language extending Microsofts TypeScript and transcompiling to JavaScript. It was introduced in October 2014 at the ng-Europe conference by the developers of Googles AngularJS web development fra ...

                                               

Auditory display

Auditory display is the use of sound to communicate information from a computer to the user. The primary forum for exploring these techniques is the International Community for Auditory Display, which was founded by Gregory Kramer in 1992 as a fo ...

                                               

Bak file

In computing, ".bak is a filename extension commonly used to signify a backup copy of a file. When a program is about to overwrite an existing file for example, when the user saves the document they are working on, the program may first make a co ...

                                               

BBN Butterfly

The BBN Butterfly was a massively parallel computer built by Bolt, Beranek and Newman in the 1980s. It was named for the "butterfly" multi-stage switching network around which it was built. Each machine had up to 512 CPUs, each with local memory, ...

                                               

CBRP

CBRP, or Cluster Based Routing Protocol, is a routing protocol for wireless mesh networks. CBRP was originally designed in mid 1998 by the National University of Singapore and subsequently published as an Internet Draft in August 1998. CBRP is on ...

                                               

CDC Wren

Wren was the major brand name for a series of 5.25-inch hard disks produced by Control Data Corporation for the microcomputer market during the 1980s. The brand evolved through seven major versions, I through VII, using custom attachments but lat ...

                                               

CDfs

CDfs is a virtual file system for Unix-like operating systems; it provides access to data and audio tracks on Compact Discs. When the CDfs driver mounts a Compact Disc, it represents each track as a file. This is consistent with the Unix conventi ...

                                               

CIFA (computer)

CIFA is the acronym for "Calculatorul Institutului de Fizica Atomica". CIFA-1, the first Romanian computer, was built in 1957 under the guidance of Victor Toma. The experimental first-generation model CIFA-1 was reproduced in small numbers both i ...

                                               

Command queue

In computer science, a command queue is a queue for enabling the delay of command execution, either in order of priority, on a first-in first-out basis, or in any order that serves the current purpose. Instead of waiting each command to be execut ...

                                               

Common Firmware Environment

Common Firmware Environment, pronounced as cafe, is a firmware interface and bootloader developed by Broadcom for 32-bit and 64-bit system-on-a-chip systems. It is intended to be a flexible toolkit of CPU initialization and bootstrap code for use ...

                                               

Coordinated Video Timings

Coordinated Video Timings is a standard by VESA which defines the timings of the component video signal. Initially intended for use by computer monitors and video cards, the standard made its way into consumer televisions. The parameters defined ...

                                               

Cray Urika-GD

The Cray Urika-GD graph discovery appliance, made by supercomputer maker Cray Inc., is a system that finds and analyzes relationships and patterns in the data collected by a supercomputer. Introduced in 2012, it was the supercomputer makers first ...

                                               

Cray Urika-XA

The Cray Urika-XA extreme analytics platform, manufactured by supercomputer maker Cray Inc., is an appliance that analyzes the massive amounts of data - usually called big data - that supercomputers collect. Organizations that use supercomputers ...

                                               

Data position measurement

Data position measurement is a copy protection mechanism that operates by measuring the physical location of data on an optical disc. Stamped CDs are perfect clones and always have the data at the expected location, while a burned copy would exhi ...

                                               

Dirhash

Dirhash is a feature of FreeBSD that improves the speed of finding files in a directory. Rather than finding a file in a directory using a linear search algorithm, FreeBSD uses a hash table. The feature is backwards-compatible because the hash ta ...

                                               

Drive mapping

Drive mapping is how operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows, associate a local drive letter with a shared storage area to another computer over a network. After a drive has been mapped, a software application on a clients computer can read ...

                                               

Enabling transformation

In computer science, an enabling transformation is a compiler optimization that increases the effectiveness of other compiler optimizations. Such an optimization may or may not improve program performance by itself, but it also alters the structu ...

                                               

Enforce In-order Execution of I/O

Enforce In-order Execution of I/O, or EIEIO, is an assembly language instruction used on the PowerPC computer processor which prevents one memory or I/O operation from starting until the previous memory or I/O operation completed. This instructio ...

                                               

Environmental subsystem

Environmental subsystems are central components of operating systems of the Windows NT type. They allow the operating system to run software developed for the platform in question. For example, Windows NT 4.0 has four environmental subsystems, vi ...

                                               

Fast Universal Digital Computer M-2

The M-2 was a computer developed at the Laboratory of Electrical Systems in the Institute of Energy of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The successor to the M-1, it was developed in 1952 by a team of engineers led by I.S. Brook. The computer was dev ...

                                               

Ferranti Perseus

Perseus was a vacuum tube computer built by Ferranti, Ltd of Great Britain. It was a development of the Ferranti Pegasus computer for large-scale data processing. Perseus, which was one of Ferrantis computer systems that included Orion and Sirius ...

                                               

Field Programmable Nanowire Interconnect

Field Programmable Nanowire Interconnect is a new computer architecture developed by Hewlett-Packard. This is a defect-tolerant architecture, using the results of the Teramac experiment. Details: The design combines a nanoscale crossbar switch st ...

                                               

Financial calculator

A financial calculator or business calculator is an electronic calculator that performs financial functions commonly needed in business and commerce communities. It has standalone keys for many financial calculations and functions, making such ca ...

                                               

FITALY

FITALY is a keyboard layout specifically optimized for stylus or touch-based input. The design places the most common letters closest to the centre to minimize distance travelled while entering a word. The name, FITALY, is derived from the letter ...

                                               

Format Publications

Format Publications published Format magazine, a newsletter for Sinclair ZX Spectrum and SAM Coupe users. Run by Bob Brenchley, it sprang from the ashes of INDUG, originally the Independent DISCiPLE User Group but later renamed to the Independent ...

                                               

Freedom U540

The Freedom U540 is a microprocessor using the RISC-V open architecture that is used to power the HiFive Unleashed computer. The U540 is one of the first commercially available microprocessors to use the RISC-V architecture, which is in contrast ...

                                               

FSCAN

FScan is a disk scheduling algorithm to determine the motion of the disks arm and head in servicing read and write requests. It uses two sub-queues. During the scan, all of the requests are in the first queue and all new requests are put into the ...

                                               

Funky caching

Funky caching is the generation, display and storage of dynamic content when a requested static web page resource is not available. The name is based on the idea of treating the web server, serving static pages, as a cache. However, unlike common ...

                                               

Generalized Timing Formula

Generalized Timing Formula is a standard by VESA which defines exact parameters of the component video signal for analogue VGA display interface. The video parameters defined by the standard include horizontal blanking retrace and vertical blanki ...