ⓘ Private law


Private law

Private law is that part of a civil law legal system which is part of the jus commune that involves relationships between individuals, such as the law of contracts or torts, and the law of obligations. It is to be distinguished from public law, which deals with relationships between both natural and artificial persons and the state, including regulatory statutes, penal law and other law that affects the public order. In general terms, private law involves interactions between private individuals, whereas public law involves interrelations between the state and the general population.


Adair Dyer

Adair Dyer is an attorney well known for his work in international law. He was formerly the Deputy Secretary General of the Hague Conference on Private International Law. Though his work in private international law ranged from intellectual property, trusts, environmental law, international civil procedure and unfair competition, he is most well known for his contributions to international family law. While at the Permanent Bureau of the Hague Conference he guided the Hague Abduction Convention through its negotiations and completion. He was also responsible for monitoring the Conventions ...



EuCML: Journal of European Consumer and Market Law is a law journal. The journal focuses on European and international consumer and market law including aspects from fields such as unfair commercial practices, unfair contract terms, competition law, other consumer protection issues, travel law, regulation of the digital economy and platform economy issues. Questions of law enforcement, e.g. dispute resolution, also play a role as long as connected to consumer and market law. The journal features peer-reviewed articles, a section with comment and analysis and "country reports" with perspect ...


European civil code

The European civil code is a proposed harmonisation of private law across the European Union. The ultimate aim of a European civil code is, like a national civil code, to deal comprehensively with the core areas of private law. Private law typically covered in a civil code includes the family law, the law of inheritance, property law and the Law of Obligations. The law of obligations includes the law of contracts, delicts or torts and restitution. It was from work on European contract law that the push for a comprehensive European civil code arose. The development of a European civil code ...


Hague Conference on Private International Law

The Hague Conference on Private International Law is an intergovernmental organisation in the area of private international law, that administers several international conventions, protocols and soft law instruments. The Hague Conference was first convened by Tobias Asser in 1893 in The Hague. In 1911, Asser received the Nobel Prize for Peace for his work in the field of private international law, and in particular for his achievements with respect to the HCCH. After World War II, the Hague Conference was established as an international organisation.


International Journal of Private Law

The International Journal of Private Law is a quarterly peer-reviewed law journal covering all aspects of private law, including audio-visual, media, communication, and space law. It is intended to cover the legal issues facing individuals, entrepreneurs, and business owners on an international scale. The editor-in-chief is Sylvia Kierkegaard. Occasionally, the journal publishes special issues on important topics in private law. The journal is abstracted and indexed by Scopus.



UNIDROIT is an intergovernmental organization whose objective is to harmonize international private law across countries through uniform rules, international conventions, and the production of model laws, sets of principles, guides and guidelines. Established in 1926 as part of the League of Nations, it was reestablished in 1940 following the Leagues dissolution through a multilateral agreement, the UNIDROIT Statute. As at 2019 UNIDROIT has 63 member states. UNIDROIT has prepared multiple conventions treaties, but has also developed soft law instruments. An example are the UNIDROIT Princip ...


ⓘ Private law

  • French law can be divided into two main categories: private law Droit prive and public law droit public This differs from the traditional common law concepts
  • or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration
  • economy. States legally regulate the private sector. Businesses operating within a country must comply with the laws in that country. In some cases, usually
  • Roman law Private law the branch of law in a civil law legal system that governs relations among private individuals Municipal law the domestic law of
  • the state including criminal law or two bodies of the state and the private law Privatrecht which regulates the relations between two people or companies
  • Admiralty law or maritime law is a body of law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes. Admiralty law consists of both domestic law on maritime
  • Zealand. Law libraries in these countries can be found in law schools, courts, government, private law firms, and barristers chambers. The largest law library
  • can be hired by individuals or groups to undertake investigatory law services. Private investigators often work for attorneys in civil and criminal cases
  • customary law Although the provisions pertain to all areas of law the largest part is dedicated to private law and civil procedure. Many laws include
  • UNIDROIT formally, the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law French: Institut international pour l unification du droit prive is

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