ⓘ Legal history


American Society for Legal History

The American Society for Legal History is a learned society dedicated to promoting scholarship and teaching in the field of legal history. It was founded in 1956 and has an international scope, despite being based in the United States. It sponsors the peer-reviewed journal Law and History Review and the book series Studies in Legal History, both of which are published by Cambridge University Press. In 1957, the Society established the American Journal of Legal History, which the Society originally published as its official journal. The journal was later acquired by the Temple University Be ...



Antejuramentum, and præjuramentum, historically called juramentum calumniæ, is an oath which both the accuser and accused were obliged to make before any trial or purgation. The accuser was to swear that he would prosecute the criminal, and the accused was to make oath on the very day that he was to undergo the ordeal, that he was innocent of the claims of which he was charged. If the accuser failed, the criminal was discharged. If the accused failed, he was intended to be guilty, and was not to be admitted to purge himself by the ordeal.


Bill of attainder

A bill of attainder is an act of a legislature declaring a person or group of persons guilty of some crime and punishing them, often without a trial. As with attainder resulting from the normal judicial process, the effect of such a bill is to nullify the targeted persons civil rights, most notably the right to own property, the right to a title of nobility, and, in at least the original usage, the right to life itself. Bills of attainder passed in Parliament by Henry VIII on 29 January 1542 resulted in the executions of a number of notable historical figures. The use of these bills by Par ...


Brocard (law)

A brocard is a legal maxim in Latin that is, in a strict sense, derived from traditional legal authorities, even from ancient Rome. The word is a variant of the Latinized name of Burchard of Worms, Bishop of Worms, Germany, who compiled 20 volumes of Ecclesiastical Rules.


Byzantine law

Byzantine law was essentially a continuation of Roman law with increased Christian influence. Most sources define Byzantine law as the Roman legal traditions starting after the reign of Justinian I in the 6th century and ending with the Fall of Constantinople in the 15th century. Though during and after the European Renaissance Western legal practices were heavily influenced by Justinians Code the Corpus Juris Civilis and Roman law during classical times, Byzantine law nevertheless had substantial influence on Western traditions during the Middle Ages and after. The most important work of ...


Legal history of the Catholic Church

The legal history of the Catholic Church is the history of the oldest continuously functioning legal system in the West, much later than Roman law but predating the evolution of modern European civil law traditions. The history of Latin canon law can be divided into four periods: the jus antiquum, the jus novum, the jus novissimum and the Code of Canon Law. In relation to the Code, history can be divided into the jus vetus and the jus novum. Eastern canon law developed separately.


ⓘ Legal history

  • be analysis or study of the meaning of legal concepts is worthwhile and is to be distinguished from history or sociology of law, as well as from criticism
  • Law and History Review is a quarterly peer - reviewed academic journal covering legal history It was established in 1983 and is published by Cambridge
  • Legal tender is a medium of payment recognized by a legal system to be valid for meeting a financial obligation. Each jurisdiction determines what is
  • Critical legal studies CLS is a school of critical theory that first emerged as a movement in the United States during the 1970s. Critical Legal Studies
  • Legal bibliography is the bibliography of law. The term has been applied to the kinds and functions of legal materials and to lists of law books and
  • attorneys fees or other legal costs in a number of ways. Defendants can pay with their own money, through legal defense funds, or legal financing companies
  • religious law or combinations of these. However, the legal system of each country is shaped by its unique history and so incorporates individual variations. The
  • A legal drama, or a courtroom drama, is a genre of film and television that generally focuses on narratives regarding legal practice and the justice system

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