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ⓘ Cosmology




                                               

Cosmology

Cosmology is a branch of astronomy concerned with the studies of the origin and evolution of the universe, from the Big Bang to today and on into the future. It is the scientific study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe. Physical cosmology is the scientific study of the universes origin, its large-scale structures and dynamics, and its ultimate fate, as well as the laws of science that govern these areas. The term cosmology was first used in English in 1656 in Thomas Blounts Glossographia, and in 1731 taken up in Latin by German philosopher Christian Wolff, in Cosm ...

                                               

Cosmology (philosophy)

Philosophical cosmology, philosophy of cosmology or philosophy of cosmos is a discipline directed to the philosophical contemplation of the universe as a totality, and to its conceptual foundations. It draws on several branches of philosophy - metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of physics, philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, and on the fundamental theories of physics. The term cosmology was used at least as early as 1730, by German philosopher Christian Wolff, in Cosmologia Generalis.

                                               

Cosmon

Cosmon or Cosmonium is a hypothetical form of matter where the Universe would have been in a dense form of matter as a particle named Cosmon. The idea was originally proposed by Georges Lemaitre who suggested the idea of a primeval atom’ 1946. He illustrated the idea by imagining an object 30 times larger than the volume of the sun containing all the matter of the Universe. Its density would be around 10 15 g cm − 3 {\displaystyle 10^{15}{\text{g cm}}^{-3}}. In his view this exploded somewhere between 20–60 billion years ago. The idea of a primeval" super-atom” lived on and was developed f ...

                                               

Dualistic cosmology

Dualism in cosmology is the moral, or spiritual belief that two fundamental concepts exist, which often oppose each other. It is an umbrella term that covers a diversity of views from various religions, including both traditional religions and scriptural religions. Moral dualism is the belief of the great complement of, or conflict between, the benevolent and the malevolent. It simply implies that there are two moral opposites at work, independent of any interpretation of what might be "moral" and independent of how these may be represented. Moral opposites might, for example, exist in a w ...

                                               

Hume Feldman

Hume A. Feldman is a physicist specializing in cosmology and astrophysics. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and a professor and chair of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Kansas.

                                               

Friedmann Prize

The Friedmann Prize is a Soviet and Russian physics prize, awarded for outstanding work in cosmology and gravity. It is named after the Russian cosmologist Alexander Alexandrovich Friedmann. Between 1972 and 1990 the prize was awarded by the USSR Academy of Sciences for the best scientific work in the field of meteorology. It was re-established by the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1993. It is generally awarded to a single scientist once every three years.

                                               

Gravitationally-interacting massive particles

Gravitationally-interacting massive particles are a set of particles theorised to explain the dark matter in our universe, as opposed to an alternative theory based on weakly-interacting massive particles. The proposal makes dark matter a form of singularities in dark energy, described by Einstein’s gravitational field equations for General Relativity.

                                               

Initial singularity

The initial singularity is a gravitational singularity predicted by general relativity to have existed before the Big Bang and thought to have contained all the mass and space-time of the Universe. The instant immediately following the initial singularity is part of the Planck epoch, the earliest period of time in the history of the universe.

                                               

Adrian Melott

Adrian Lewis Melott is an American physicist. He is one of the pioneers of using large-scale computing to investigate the formation of large-scale structure in a Universe dominated by dark matter. He later turned his attention to an area he calls" astrobiophysics”, examining a variety of ways that external events in our galaxy may have influenced the course of life on Earth, including analysis of gamma-ray burst events.

                                               

Primordial black hole

Primordial black holes are a hypothetical type of black hole that formed soon after the Big Bang. In the early universe, high densities and heterogeneous conditions could have led sufficiently dense regions to undergo gravitational collapse, forming black holes. Yakov Borisovich Zeldovich and Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov in 1966 first proposed the existence of such black holes. The theory behind their origins was first studied in depth by Stephen Hawking in 1971. Since primordial black holes did not form from stellar gravitational collapse, their masses can be far below stellar mass. Hawking ...

                                               

Starobinsky inflation

In the Soviet Union, Alexei Starobinsky noted that quantum corrections to general relativity should be important for the early universe. These generically lead to curvature-squared corrections to the Einstein–Hilbert action and a form of f R modified gravity. The solution to Einsteins equations in the presence of curvature squared terms, when the curvatures are large, leads to an effective cosmological constant. Therefore, he proposed that the early universe went through an inflationary de Sitter era. This resolved the cosmology problems and led to specific predictions for the corrections ...

                                               

The Book of Giants

The Book of Giants is an apocryphal Jewish book which expands the Urzeit to Endzeit narrative of the Hebrew Bible and, by its multifaceted elaborations on divine decrees of warning and doom, ties the ancient prophet Enoch closer to his generally recognized storyline than does even the storys principal treatise of 1 Enoch. Together with 1 Enochs Book of Watchers, as Enochian scholar James C. VanderKam maintains, "it stands as an attempt to explain how it was that wickedness had become so widespread and muscular before the flood; in so doing, it also supplies the reason why God was more than ...

                                               

Theophysics

In philosophy, theophysics is an approach to cosmology that attempts to reconcile physical cosmology and religious cosmology. It is related to physicotheology, the difference between them being that the aim of physicotheology is to derive theology from physics, whereas that of theophysics is to unify physics and theology.

                                     

ⓘ Cosmology

  • In physical cosmology fractal cosmology is a set of minority cosmological theories which state that the distribution of matter in the Universe, or the
  • physical cosmology studies the universe as a single physical entity. The interface between these two fields is sometimes referred to as particle cosmology Particle
  • The Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics is an online - only peer - reviewed scientific journal focusing on all aspects of cosmology and astroparticle
  • In modern physical cosmology the cosmological principle is the notion that the spatial distribution of matter in the universe is homogeneous and isotropic
  • Cosmology of Kyoto is an adventure game developed by Softedge and published by Yano Electric. It was released for Japan in 1993, and then in North America
  • In cosmology the cosmological constant usually denoted by the Greek capital letter lambda: Λ is the energy density of space, or vacuum energy, that
  • Jain cosmology is the description of the shape and functioning of the Universe loka and its constituents such as living beings, matter, space, time
  • Modern cosmological ideas follow the development of the scientific discipline of physical cosmology ca. 16th century BCE - Mesopotamian cosmology has a
  • The Kavli Institute for Cosmology Cambridge KICC is a research establishment set up through collaboration of the University of Cambridge and the Kavli

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